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A founder of Methodism in Texas crosses into the republic
November 29, 1838
On this day in 1838, Jesse Hord crossed the Sabine River into Texas at Gaines Ferry. He preached his first sermon at San Augustine the next day, then worked vigorously to establish Methodism in the republic. Between December 23, 1838, and April 15, 1839, he founded the first Methodist congregations at Richmond, Matagorda, Brazoria, Bay Prairie, DeMoss, Texana, Velasco, East Columbia, and Houston. His 500-mile circuit included twenty preaching places. He continued preaching on circuits until 1848. Hord died on January 17, 1866, and was buried at Goliad.
Eugene Routh resigns as editor of the Baptist Standard
November 29, 1927
On this day in 1927, Eugene Routh submitted his resignation as editor of the Baptist Standard, effective in March 1928.Routh, born in Plum, Texas, in 1874, graduated from the University of Texas in 1897 and was ordained as a Baptist minister four years later. In 1907 he became editor of the Baptist Visitor, published in San Antonio. When this paper was consolidated with Dallas's Baptist Standard in 1912, Routh was appointed associate editor under J. B. Gambrell; he was named editor two years later. Routh's fourteen-year tenure as Standard editor encompassed a period of turmoil. He supported the biblical creationist position in the nationwide controversy over the teaching of evolution in the public schools, but opposed compulsory reading of the Bible in public educational institutions. Although personally opposed to the views of sensationalist Fort Worth minister J. Frank Norris, Routh attempted to keep the Standard neutral during the events that led to Norris's expulsion from the Southern Baptist Convention in the mid-1920s. Routh resigned when his temperate policy met with disapproval, though he went on to edit two other Baptist publications before retiring in 1948. He died in Dallas in 1966.
Spanish military tribunal convicts cartographer
November 29, 1811
On this day in 1811, a Spanish military tribunal convicted Juan Pedro Walker on a charge of supporting Mexican independence. Walker, born in 1781 in New Orleans, was the son of an English merchant. He was the official surveyor of the Concordia district in Louisiana by 1803. In August of that year, he learned of the Louisiana Purchase and, as a lifelong subject of the Spanish crown, applied for permission to move to New Spain. Walker proceeded to Coahuila, where Governor Manuel Antonio Cordero y Bustamante recruited him for the Spanish service. In 1807 Walker served as the interpreter for Lt. Zebulon M. Pike's party during their involuntary sojourn in Chihuahua. Walker's career collapsed in 1811, however, when he was jailed on charges of supporting Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's insurrection. After his conviction Walker was stripped of military employment and condemned to perpetual exile from America, but before he could be sent to Spain Joaquín de Arredondo commissioned him to map the area that included Texas. During 1815 and 1816 Walker engaged in extensive fieldwork along the Rio Grande, as far north as San Antonio, and along the coast of Nuevo Santander. Meanwhile, officials discovered an error in Walker's case which could be redressed only by the highest authorities in Spain, where Walker was shipped early in 1817. Lacking sufficient evidence either to convict or to exonerate him, the crown ordered him to remain in Spain, but granted him a small stipend. He settled in Valladolid and died around 1828.
Newspaper publisher authorized to outfit privateers
November 29, 1835
On this date in 1835, Samuel Whiting, who later published a number of newspapers in Texas during the period of the republic, was granted six blank commissions or letters of marque to outfit privateers at New Orleans. Just four days previously, the General Council had passed a bill providing for the issuance of letters of marque to privateers until the first Texas Navy should become a reality. Whiting and others were taking advantage of the opportunities offered by the embryonic Republic of Texas to entrepreneurs who wanted to serve their country on the high seas by accosting Mexican vessels. Letters of marque were later issued by the Confederacy to Texans who wanted to do similar duty against Union vessels. Charles DeMontel, for instance, was officially authorized in 1863 to command the steamer Texas, a privately owned vessel of the Confederate States. During the early days of the republic, the Texas government even authorized an official flag for registered civil vessels and vessels sailing under letters of marque and reprisal.
posted - 11.29.2011 - The Texas State Historical Association
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