All content is (c) Texas Online Radio ~ 2011 or respective artist. / Not available for reprint or circulation without proper approval and/or syndication rights. Site best viewed full screen. F11 ~ If you'd like to leave a comment, click on the post header or scroll to the bottom of the post. Take your time, enjoy the site! Thanks.

Words of Wisdom

"Time is what we want most, but what we use the worst."
~William Penn

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Moments in Texas History ~ 12.13.2011

Become a sponsor of this popular posting.  Contact:

Spanish mapping expedition heads for Texas
December 13, 1777
On this day in 1777, Luis Antonio Andry and a crew of thirteen sailed on the schooner Señor de la Yedra from New Orleans on a mapping expedition. Andry, a French engineer in the pay of Spain, was chosen by Louisiana governor Bernardo de Gálvez to map the Gulf of Mexico coast from the Mississippi River to Matagorda Bay. Andry's survey ship reached Matagorda Bay by early March 1778, its work essentially complete. Shortly thereafter, it fell victim to the trickery of apostate Karankawas from the Texas missions. Acording to the lone survivor of the crew, the expedition sought aid from Karankawa brothers Joseph María and Mateo who, feigning friendship, claimed to be soldiers from La Bahía. After first disposing of two parties sent ashore to obtain provisions, the renegade brothers brought their companions on board the ship, seized the crew's unguarded weapons, and murdered the rest of the crew with a single exception, whom they held as a slave. After removing the guns and other useful gear from the ship, they burned the vessel and with it perhaps the most detailed Spanish map of the Texas-Louisiana coast to that time.
Moore leads sortie of Texas Navy
December 13, 1841
On this day in 1841, a flotilla of the Texas Navy under the command of Edwin Ward Moore left Galveston to support the province of Yucatán in its rebellion against Mexico. Texas and Yucatán had formalized an alliance in September by which the latter agreed to pay Texas $8,000 a month for the upkeep of the Texas fleet. President Lamar approved of this arrangement and ordered the fleet to leave for Yucatán. Moore sailed with the Austin, the San Bernard, and the San Antonio for Sisal, Yucatán, on December 13. Sam Houston, who was inaugurated as president of the Republic of Texas on the same day, had a different approach to foreign policy and promptly ordered the fleet to return. These orders did not reach Moore until March 1842, and he returned in May to Texas. During the cruise the fleet captured the Mexican merchant vessel Progreso on February 6 and the Doric, the Dolorita (or Doritas), and the Dos Amigos in April.
Award-winning Texas author commits suicide
December 13, 1956
On this day in 1956, author George Sessions Perry drowned himself. Perry was born in 1910 in Rockdale, Texas. Orphaned at twelve, he was reared by his maternal grandmother, an autocratic and irascible woman who was the model for a major character in his prize-winning novel, Hold Autumn in Your Hand, and the title figure of his later book My Granny Van. Rockdale and the surrounding area furnished the setting for nearly all of his fiction. During the 1930s Perry wrote six novels and more than fifty short stories about rural and small-town Texas. In 1941 he firmly established his place on the Texas literary scene with Hold Autumn in Your Hand, perhaps the best agrarian novel about Texas. The book won the Texas Institute of Letters award in 1941 and, in 1942, became the first Texas book to win the National Book Award. Perry became a war correspondent during World War II and volunteered to go ashore on the Sicily landings in 1943. The death and suffering he witnessed there made such a searing impression on him that he later said it "defictionized" him for life. After the war he devoted himself to nonfiction and journalism. His unpublished writings in the early 1950s reflect his deepening depression and his worry about his severe arthritis and his drinking problems. In 1956, in great pain and tortured by hallucinations, Perry walked into the river near his Guilford, Connecticut, home and disappeared; his body was found two months later.
Texas Workers' Compensation Act passed
December 13, 1989
On this day in 1989, the Texas legislature passed the Texas Workers' Compensation Act. The beginnings of workers' compensation in Texas extend back to 1913, when the legislature passed a law establishing the Industrial Accident Board and the Texas Employers' Insurance Association to provide for adequate compensation for injuries or death resulting from accidents on the job. A Workmen's Compensation Law, passed in 1917, further supported the compensation movement. By the 1980s many critics claimed that the compensation system was too expensive and paid too few benefits. In an effort to overhaul the system, the Texas Legislature passed the Texas Workers' Compensation Act. As a result of the new law the Industrial Accident Board was replaced by the Texas Workers' Compensation Commission. The new act increased maximum benefits from $238 to $416 a week and initiated a series of programs designed to improve the compensation system. In general, it sought to replace litigation with an administrative review process. Some practices included setting up worker health and safety programs, establishing penalties for fraudulent claims, streamlining medical costs, and establishing a research center for studying worker-related issues. As of 2003, the agency had gone through a Sunset Commision review and was due to continue through 2005.
posted - 12.13.2011  -  The Texas State Historical Association
You can advertise or donate to Texas Online Radio by clicking here.
Help us keep spreading the word about Texas music, news and information! Thanks!

No comments:

Post a Comment